Olive oil, an essential product in the Mediterranean diet and in a healthy diet. It is a product obtained from the fruit of the olive tree, called olive or olive and its use is mainly culinary, but it is also used in medicinal products, cosmetics, etc.
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Spain is the largest producer of olive oil (liquid gold), producing almost half of the world's production. It is a deeply rooted crop in the Mediterranean area.
We can find different types of olive oils depending on the variety or varieties of olive used: picual, arbequina, hojiblanca, cornicabra are the best known in Spain, although there are many more and each one of them has an aroma and a flavour that makes each oil unique.
On the other hand, within the olive oils we find different categories in terms of quality:
It is pure, flawless and of the highest quality. They are the result of an olive juice without any defect and therefore preserves the aroma and flavours of the olive.
It is pure but with some small defect, the loss of quality is produced by the use of damaged olives and processes of elaboration with some anomaly, its maximum acidity must not be superior to 2 degrees. These two oils are pure olive oils.
This is a mixture of refined oils and olive oil or virgin olive oil. Refined oils are those obtained from the chemical treatment of defective oils that have not reached adequate quality parameters.
This is a mixture of refined pomace oil and virgin oil. Of the 4, it is the lowest quality. The pomace is obtained from the pressing of the olive and chemical solvents are used to extract the remaining oil. The initial result is an oil that is not suitable for consumption, so it must be refined and mixed with virgin olive oil.
Both olive oil and pomace oil must have an acidity of less than 1 degree.
Olive oil has several uses, but it is the culinary one in which it is most used, because apart from its remarkable benefits for our health it also brings flavours, smells and colours to our culinary dishes, it makes them more exquisite, tasty and as it happens with wines, the pairing of oils with different dishes is a great adventure in the world of cooking, it is essential in a good salad, in all kinds of cooked dishes and of course, to eat alone spread with a little bread, olive oils are authentic delicacies.
There are many benefits of olive oil for our health, among all of them we can highlight:
Therefore, we recommend the consumption of olive oil and put it in our daily diet and if this oil can be EXTRA VIRGIN better than best, because it is the purest oil that exists (it is olive juice) keeping all the innate properties of the olive, its flavors, aromas and healthiness.